How To Query DynamoDB with Boto3

Looking for an example of how to Query your DynamoDB Table using Python boto3? This is the article for you.

Its a pretty straightforward to query your dynamodb table using boto3. Lets take a look at an example below.

Note that a github link containing the full code is available at the bottom of this article.

Check out other Python DynamoDB Based Operation Articles here:

  1. How To Insert Into a DynamoDB Table with Boto3
  2. How To Delete an Item in a DynamoDB Table with Boto3

First we need to import some dependencies include json, boto3 itself, and some dynamodb specific dependencies.

import json
import sys
import boto3
from boto3.dynamodb.conditions import Key, Attr

Next we need to get a reference to the boto3 dynamodb resource by using

dynamodb = boto3.resource('dynamodb')

In our calling code (in this case I’m using a Lambda Function), we get a reference to our boto3/Dynamo table object.

def lambda_handler(event, context):
    table = dynamodb.Table('Countries')

We’re ready to perform our query as seen below. We set the KeyConditionExpression to look for the Key field CountryName where the value is equal to USA.

Note if you would like to apply any other expressions to your query this is where you would add them.

You can find more boto3 dynamodb query expressions in the boto3 documentation here.

    #Make Initial Query
    response = table.query(KeyConditionExpression=Key('CountryName').eq('USA'))

To parse out and print the results, we can use a simple for loop to read over all records in the response’s Items field.

    #Extract the Results
    items = response['Items']
    for item in items:
        countryName = item['CountryName']
        state = item['State']
        size = sys.getsizeof(item)
        print(str(queryCount) + ' - ' + countryName + ' - ' + state + ' - ' + str(size))

Adding Pagination to our Boto3 DynamoDB Query

To add pagination, we need to add a value to a field called LastEvaluatedKey.

When making our initial query, set this value to null. If after receiving our query response Dynamo returns us a value in the response containing the key LastEvaluatedKey, it means that there are more results available in the next page. To retrieve all data, we must keep calling this API for all pages until LastEvaluatedKey is returned as null in the response.

Here’s the code to add pagination:

    while 'LastEvaluatedKey' in response:
        print('---------')
        key = response['LastEvaluatedKey']
        response = table.query(KeyConditionExpression=Key('CountryName').eq('USA'), ExclusiveStartKey=key)
        items = response['Items']
        for item in items:
            countryName = item['CountryName']
            state = item['State']
            size = sys.getsizeof(item)
            print(str(queryCount) + ' - ' + countryName + ' - ' + state + ' - ' + str(size))

Github Code

Total
0
Shares
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Related Posts